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Aryan Language Family

 

Aryan
Armenian
Albanian
Balto-Slavic
Keltic
Italic
Hellenic
Teutonic
Tokharian

 

Aryan
Indian Iranian
Vedic Classical
Sanskrit
Prakrit Avesta Iranian or
Persian

 

Balto-Slavic
Old Slavic Baltic
Russian Polish Lithuanian Czech Bulgarian Lettish



Keltic
Gaelic Brittanic

 

Italic
Latin
French Italian Spanish Portuguese Romanian

 

Hellenic
Greek

 

Teutonic
East Teutonic West Teutonic

 

East Teutonic
Scandinavian
Gothic
West Norse East Norse
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West Teutonic    
High German Middle German Low German
Frisian Anglo-Saxon
Modern German Old Frankish
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Yiddish Dutch Flemish
  Modern English

 

 

The relationship of the languages is determined by resemblances between them. These are of two kinds: Resemblances of vocabulary and of grammatical structure.

A few examples of similarities between Indo-European words.

 

Sanskrit Latin English Greek
Pitar Pater Father Patros
Matar Mater Mother Matros
Pancha Quinque Five Pente
Sapta Septem Seven Hepta
Dasan Decem Decimal
or Ten
Deka
Bhurja   Birch  
Pac   Bake Pesso
Madhu
Sweet
  Mead Methu
Asti Est Is Esti
Damas Domus Domicile Domos
Bharami
bear (a burden etc)
Fero Bear Phero
Aham Ego Ego Ego
Dwaar   Door  
Braata   Brother  
Astau Okto Eight Okto
Trayas tres Three
or Tri
Treis
Ayas   Iron  
Vrkas   Wulf
old English for wolf)
Lukhos
Eka Oinos One Oinos
Dva Duo Two Duo
Chatvaras Quattuor Four Tettores
Sas Sex Six Hex
Nava Novem Nine Ennea
Patha   Path  
Sarpa   Serpent  
Gow   Cow  
Mooshak Muus Mouse
Muus old English
Muus
Svasri   Sister  
Sun   Son  
Danta   Dental  
Surya   Sun  
Taru   Tree  
Shani -Slow moving planet   Saturn  
Unapexita   Unexpected  
Hard-Hriday   Heart  
Nabhi   Navel  
Agni Ignis Ignite  
Hantar (killer)   Hunter  
Naas,Nasika Naas Nose (nasal)  
Nisha   Night  
Vahan   Vehicle  
Yog   Yoke (to join)  
Pratham   Proto (first)  
Vacha   Vocal  
Hasta   Hand  
Santa   Saint  
Kroora   Cruel  
Tat (Tat Tvam Asi)   That  
Janan (generate)   Generate  
Loka (place)   Location  
Daman   Dominate  
Tri-kona-miti   Trigonometry Trigonometry
Mia (Me)   Me  
Mana   Mind  
Asi   Yes Si?
Axa   Axis  
Duhita   Daughter  
Sweda   Sweat  
Para Para Pre-fix e.g.'Para-psychology'  
Peen (pointed)   Pin  
Kedar   Cedar(tree)  
Widhur   Widow  
Katika   Cart  
Prithak   Part (section)  
Nau
Boat
  Navy  
Vid=know
Vidya=knowledge
Veda=knowledge based scriptures
Videre Witan(old English) Be aware
Wit-  Wise
 


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